Goal 16 - Peace, justice and strong institutions

Goal 16 - Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels

16.1 Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere
Indicators Unit of measure Reference period Latest data Previous period Data for previous period Data provider Source Data visualization
16.1.1 Number of victims of intentional homicide per 100,000 population, by sex and ageFootnote 1 Per 100,000 population 2019 1.80 2018 1.78 Statistics Canada Table 35-10-0068-01
16.1.2 Conflict-related deaths per 100,000 population, by sex, age and cause Exploring data sources
16.1.3 Proportion of population subjected to physical, psychological or sexual violence in the previous 12 months Rate of incidents per 1,000 population 15 years of age and older 2014 76 2004 106 Statistics CanadaFootnote 2 Victimization incidents reported by Canadians, by reporting to the police and type of offence, 1999, 2004, 2009, and 2014
16.1.4 Proportion of population that feel safe walking alone around the area they live Percentage 2014
  • Very safe: 52
  • Reasonably safe: 40
2009 Very or somewhat safe: 90 Statistics Canada Canadians' perceptions of personal safety and crime, 2014  
16.2 End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children
Indicators Unit of measure Reference period Latest data Previous period Data for previous period Data provider Source Data visualization
16.2.1 Proportion of children aged 1-17 years who experienced any physical punishment and/or psychological aggression by caregivers in the past month N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A  
16.2.2 Number of victims of human trafficking per 100,000 population, by sex, age and form of exploitation 2 sub-indicators
16.2.2.a Uniform Crime Reporting Survey (UCR) violation code 1525: Criminal Code of Canada
Per 100,000 population 2020 0.9 2019 1.03 Statistics Canada Table 35-10-0177-01  
16.2.2.b Uniform Crime Reporting Survey (UCR) violation code 6510: Immigration and Refugee Protection Act
Per 100,000 population 2020 0.46 2019 0.42 Statistics Canada Uniform Crime Reporting Survey (UCR)  
16.2.3 Proportion of young women and men aged 18-29 years who experienced sexual violence by age 18Footnote 3 Percentage of Canadians 15 years of age and older 2014 8More data on latest data for indicator 16.2.3 ... ... Statistics Canada Self-reported child maltreatment, by sex, Canada, 2014  
16.3 Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all
Indicators Unit of measure Reference period Latest data Previous period Data for previous period Data provider Source Data visualization
16.3.1 Proportion of victims of violence in the previous 12 months who reported their victimization to competent authorities or other officially recognized conflict resolution mechanisms Percentage of incidents of violent crime reported to police 2014 31 2009 31 Statistics Canada Victimization incidents reported by Canadians, by reporting to the police and type of offence, 1999, 2004, 2009, and 2014
16.3.2 Unsentenced detainees as a proportion of overall prison population Percentage 2018/2019 39.4 2017/2018 38.7 Statistics CanadaFootnote 4 Table 35-10-0154-01  
16.3.3 Proportion of the population who have experienced a dispute in the past two years and who accessed a formal or informal dispute resolution mechanism, by type of mechanism Exploring data sources
16.4 By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime
Indicators Unit of measure Reference period Latest data Previous period Data for previous period Data provider Source Data visualization
16.4.1 Total value of inward and outward illicit financial flows (in current United States dollars) Exploring data sources
16.4.2 Proportion of seized, found or surrended arms whose illicit origin or context has been traced or established by a competent authority in line with international instruments Exploring data sources
16.5 Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms
Indicators Unit of measure Reference period Latest data Previous period Data for previous period Data provider Source Data visualization
16.5.1 Proportion of persons who had at least one contact with a public official and who paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by those public officials, during the previous 12 months Exploring data sources
16.5.2 Proportion of businesses that had at least one contact with a public official and that paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by those public officials during the previous 12 months Exploring data sources
16.6 Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels
Indicators Unit of measure Reference period Latest data Previous period Data for previous period Data provider Source Data visualization
16.6.1 Primary government expenditures as a proportion of original approved budget, by sector (or by budget codes or similar) Percentage 2019 101.3 2018 100.3 Statistics CanadaFootnote 5 Public Services and Procurement Canada  
16.6.2 Proportion of population satisfied with their last experience of public services Exploring data sources
16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels
Indicators Unit of measure Reference period Latest data Previous period Data for previous period Data provider Source Data visualization
16.7.1 Proportions of positions (by sex, age, persons with disabilities and population groups) in public institutions (national and local legislatures, public service, and judiciary) compared to national distributions Exploring data sources
16.7.2 Proportion of population who believe decision-making is inclusive and responsive, by sex, age, disability and population group Exploring data sources
16.8 Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance
Indicators Unit of measure Reference period Latest data Previous period Data for previous period Data provider Source Data visualization
16.8.1 Proportion of members and voting rights of developing countries in international organizations Not applicable in the Canadian Context
16.9 By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration
Indicators Unit of measure Reference period Latest data Previous period Data for previous period Data provider Source Data visualization
16.9.1 Proportion of children under 5 years of age whose births have been registered with a civil authority, by age Percentage 2021 100 2020 100 Refer to Footnote 6    
16.10 Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements
Indicators Unit of measure Reference period Latest data Previous period Data for previous period Data provider Source Data visualization
16.10.1 Number of verified cases of killing, kidnapping, enforced disappearance, arbitrary detention and torture of journalists, associated media personnel, trade unionists and human rights advocates in the previous 12 months Exploring data sources
16.10.2.PR Has Canada adopted and implemented constitutional, statutory and/or policy guarantees for public access to informationFootnote 7 Yes/No 2021 Yes 2020 Yes Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat Access to Information Act  
16.a Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime
Indicators Unit of measure Reference period Latest data Previous period Data for previous period Data provider Source Data visualization
16.a.1.PR Are Canada's independent national human rights institutions in compliance with the Paris PrinciplesFootnote 8 Yes/No 2021 Yes 2020 Yes Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI) GANHRI Sub-Committee on Accreditation  
16.b Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development
Indicators Unit of measure Reference period Latest data Previous period Data for previous period Data provider Source Data visualization
16.b.1 Proportion of population reporting having personally felt discriminated against or harassed in the previous 12 months on the basis of a ground of discrimination prohibited under international human rights law Exploring data sources

Footnotes

...
not applicable
N/A
not available
PR
Proxy indicator
Footnote 1

Data on the number of homicide victims by age group and sex is available in Table 35-10-0070-01.

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Footnote 2

Includes sexual assault, robbery, and physical assault.

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Footnote 3

Percent calculation includes all Canadians 15 years of age and older. Sexual violence includes incidents which occurred before the victim was 15 years of age, and only those incidents committed by an adult.

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Footnote 4

To calculate the data for this indicators the following sources were used:

  • Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics (CCJS), Corrections Key Indicator Report for Adults, Tables 35-10-0154-01 & 35-10-0155-01
  • Corrections Key Indicator Report for Young Offenders, Table 35-10-0003-01. Youth average daily counts exclude Quebec due to unavailability of data

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Footnote 5

Data covers the federal government budget.

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Footnote 6

Canada has comprehensive birth registration systems in place. It is a legal requirement to register all births in Canada. Registrations do not fall under federal jurisdiction, but under  provincial and territorial Vital Statistics Acts. There is no direct measure of number of children who are unregistered. As registration is comprehensive, a figure of 100% is used. More information on provincial and territorial vital statistics can be found at Member organisations - Vital Statistics Council for Canada.

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Footnote 7

This is a proxy indicator. The UN Global indicator states: "Number of countries that adopt and implement constitutional, statutory and/or policy guarantees for public access to information"

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Footnote 8

This is a proxy indicator. The UN Global indicator states: "Existence of independent national human rights institutions in compliance with the Paris Principles"

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