Goal 6 - Clean water and sanitation

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Goal 6 - Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

6.1 By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all
Indicators Unit of measure Reference period Latest data Previous period Data for previous period Data provider Source Data visualization
6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services Percentage 2017 98.9 2016 98.9 WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply, Sanitation and Hygiene (JMP) JMP global database  
6.2 By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations
Indicators Unit of measure Reference period Latest data Previous period Data for previous period Data provider Source Data visualization
6.2.1 Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services, including a hand-washing facility with soap and water N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A  
6.3 By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally
Indicators Unit of measure Reference period Latest data Previous period Data for previous period Data provider Source Data visualization
6.3.1 Proportion of domestic and industrial wastewater flows safely treated More information on indicator 6.3.1 Percentage 2017 69.9 N/A N/A Environment and Climate Change Canada Wastewater Systems Effluent Regulations: reporting  
6.3.2.PR Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water qualityFootnote 1 Percentage 2016 - 2018 80 2015 - 2017 83 Environment and Climate Change Canada Water quality in Canadian rivers  
6.4 By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity
Indicators Unit of measure Reference period Latest data Previous period Data for previous period Data provider Source Data visualization
6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time Dollars / cubic metres 2017 54.7 2015 53.1 Statistics Canada Tables 36-10-0222-01 and 38-10-0250-01  
6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources Percentage 2017 3.68 2013 2.94 Statistics CanadaFootnote 2 Human Activity and the Environment 2016, Freshwater in Canada Report (Statistics Canada) - Human Activity and the Environment: Freshwater in Canada, 1971 to 2013
6.5 By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate
Indicators Unit of measure Reference period Latest data Previous period Data for previous period Data provider Source Data visualization
6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management Exploring data sources
6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation Percentage 2021 100 2020 100 Environment and Climate Change CanadaFootnote 3 Water governance and legislation: international  
6.6 By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes
Indicators Unit of measure Reference period Latest data Previous period Data for previous period Data provider Source Data visualization
6.6.1 Change in the extent of water- related ecosystems over time Exploring data sources
6.a By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies
Targets Indicators Unit of measure Reference period Latest data Previous period Data for previous period Data provider Source Data visualization
6.a By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies 6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation- related official development assistance that is part of a government-coordinated spending plan US$ Millions 2019 42.95 2018 87.63 OECD OECD Statistics  
6.b Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management
Indicators Unit of measure Reference period Latest data Previous period Data for previous period Data provider Source Data visualization
6.b.1 Proportion of local administrative units with established and operational policies and procedures for participation of local communities in water and sanitation management Exploring data sources

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Footnotes

Footnote 1

This is a proxy indicator. The UN Global indicator states: "Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality"

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Footnote 2

Water data are use by industry and households (2013) in km3 as a percent of water yield (renewable freshwater) for Southern Canada (2012).

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Footnote 3

Boundary waters fall under the Boundary Waters Treaty since 1909 and agreements and other arrangements overseen by the IJC are applicable for all watersheds. This result is static.

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